Synthesis of forsterite as a novel nano powder ceramic materials

Document Type: Original Research Paper


Biomaterials Dep, University of Toronto AND University of Najafabad,Isfahan,Iran



In this project investigates the synthesis of single-phase nano crystalline forsterite powder by mechanical activation with subsequent annealing. To produce forsterite powder, a mixture of talc and magnesium oxide powders was first milled by a planetary ball mill, and then annealed at 1000 and 1200 8C for 1 h. The synthesized powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), simultaneous thermal analysis (STA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The initial temperature of forsterite crystallization was reduced to about 825 8C after 20 h of mechanical activation. The forsterite powder synthesized by 5 h of mechanical activation with subsequent annealing at 1000 8C for 1 h had crystallites 40 n min size. The particle size of this sample was less than 500 nm.The crystallite size of the sample obtained was 40 nm, and its particle size was submicron. The powder can equally be obtained through 20–60 h of mechanical activation with subsequent annealing at 1200 8C for 1 h, which is useful for the construction of bulk samples where higher sintering temperatures are required. AAS analysis showed that the amount of Fe and Cr in the sample ball milled for 60 h were 0.4256% and 0.00365%, respectively.